Suppose you are the CEO of a company. One morning you sit down with the computer to check the current bank balance of the company. How about when you see your bank balance is zero? The reason behind this incident is hacking.
Inrecent times, we have heard of several ATM card frauds and bank robberies. This bank robbery and ATM card fraud are also associated with hacking.
Hacking and hacker are two very popular words among today’s young generation.Many people have misconceptions about hacking. Hacker is not just an ID thief, hacker is a brand in many ways. I will discuss about hacking in this post.
Hacking and hackers
Hacking is a process where someone enters any computer or computer network without any valid permission. Those who hack are hackers.
A hacker is a person who is particularly good at dealing with security / insecurity and finding out the weaknesses of the security system. At the same time able to infiltrate other computer systems illegally or has deep knowledge about it. In Simple word, it is the job of hackers to break the security of a computer system or computer network by detecting vulnerabilities.
Now let’s talk about the types of hackers. Hackers are basically divided into many groups based on activity.
White hat hacker
A white hat hacker is a person who detects vulnerabilities or flaws in a security system and informs the owner of that security system or the officials concerned about the flaws.
This security system can be a computer, or a website on a computer network, or a program. White hat hackers basically provide security in the cyber world. They are also called ethical hackers. Their job is to provide security in any system.
Black hat hacker
A black hat hacker is a hacker who violates computer security for personal gain or maliciousness.
When they find out the flaws in a security system, they use it to their advantage. Destroys the database of that system. Sometimes they spread virus. Or create a new error so that they can re-enter the system themself in the future.
Gray hat hacker
These are the middle ground between white hat hackers and black hat hackers. That is, they do both good and bad work. Most hackers fall into this category.
They sometimes report a system error to the owner of the system, and sometimes use it for their own benefit, damaging the system.They hack for fun.
These are very skilled hackers. Hacks a system as well as hides themself efficiently. Discover new hacking techniques. At the same time trying to make a method more perfect. They are especially good at programming.They basically make different types of hacking tools and exploits.
Black hat hackers are basically crackers. Their job is to create malicious programs and break the code of any copyright protected software without permission.
They are not very good at programming. They can’t create any tools themselves, they use tools or scripts made by others. They can’t even hide themselves properly after hacking a system.
These are the beginners. New student of hacking. They do not have the necessary knowledge or experience of hacking. They are also called newbee or nub.
What can be hacked?
Many people understand hacking to mean just hacking Facebook ID or mail ID and hacking websites. In fact, hacking is not limited to these small boundaries.
Hacking also includes controlling vehicle tracking systems, SIM cloning, and various digital devices is a part of hacking. A hacker can hack your Skype account and listen to you. Hacking online web cams can see you live. Can control computers and mobiles. Credit card hacking is a daily occurrence.Hackers can do many things you never thought possible before.
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