We use VPN to keep our identity secret from the internet. However, the more secure medium than VPN is the Tor network. This network has the highest internet security.
Many of us probably know about the Tor network. And for those who don’t know about Tor, they can find out through this article. So let’s not exaggerate, let’s find out the beginning and end of the Tor network.
What is Tor Network?
The Onion Router is abbreviated as TOR. The structure of this network is basically like an onion, hence the name onion router. This network is based on onion routing policy.
You all know the structure of onion, an onion has many covers and when one cover is opened another cover comes, when another cover is opened another cover comes, thus the cover keeps coming. Tor helps a lot to keep your identity online by following this idea. Many cybercriminals around the world, computer gurus, and even many ordinary users use Tor to get rid of the worries of government, online advertising, and personal data leaks.
There are many levels of security in the Tor network. At all these levels, user information is encrypted. As a result, no information is available about users. Browsing can be done in complete privacy.
History of the Tor network
Work on the network began in the 1990s at the United States Navy Laboratory. The initial version was released on September 20, 2002. It was created by C, Python and Rust programming languages.
How does the Tor network work?
I mentioned the word TOR in an article about the Deep Web and the Dark Web; Today’s article is to shed more light on this issue.
What do we usually do to browse the internet? Open any browser of choice and enter the address.We are browsing the internet every day. We do this browsing with normal browsers. While browsing in normal browsers, the request is sent directly from your device to the ISP and the ISP requests for the page on the web server. Then the specific site comes in front of you. After going through these steps, you are reading this article. This way browsing allows your ISPs to know everything about your IP address, where you are browsing from and from which device you are browsing.Because your IP address is moving to the site you are visiting. So this is how our identity is revealed online, and what we are doing on internet is not hidden. Not only that, but the website you are visiting may drop a cookie in your browser to track your every internet activity.
Now if you are browsing through the Tor network, all your information is immediately encrypted. This encryption is done through various Tor servers. All these tor servers are visited and requests are sent to specific web servers. As a result, no one knows where the user is browsing from. The user cannot be tracked. The user’s browsing information is secure.
These steps in the Tor network are called relays. There is a separate encryption for each relay. There are currently about 6,000 relay computers around the world. Different people are working to provide this free relay service.
This relay is divided into three stages. The stages are:
Entry guard relay
This is the first stage. At this stage all your information is deleted and sent to the middle relay.
This is the middle step of encryption. You will not have any information at this stage. Just know that this information came from the entry guard relay.
This step will open the data packet you sent. This sent to your desired web server. Someone from here will try to see the information you sent but will not know any of your information.
The Tor Browser works with the Tor Network to provide you with online privacy. When you type an address into the Tor browser to access it; The browser immediately encrypts your traffic and transports it through various Tor servers without reaching the web server directly. Suppose you want to visit Allyweb from Bangladesh using Tor, first your traffic will be encrypted so that no one can read your request, then first let’s go to US server then from there to Brazil server then from Indian server to Russian server only to specific web server The request will reach. So it became almost impossible to detect exactly where the request came from.
I hope you understand how the Tor network works.
Disadvantage of using the Tor network
Know the advantages of using this network above, this time find out the disadvantages. The Tor network goes through many steps to present your desired site in front of you. These steps will result in much lower browsing speeds. Even less than VPN.
Tor or VPN?
Knowing the disadvantage of Tor network, the question may come to your mind, why not use VPN? VPN keeps our information secret.
Yes, you are right VPN helps us to hide information. However, VPN providers can know the information of VPN users. The provider has your IP address and all the information. They can also sell your information to any other organization if they wish. This opportunity does not exist in the Tor network. All your data will be safe here.
How to use Tor network?
You can’t browse through the Tor network if you want to with a normal browser. This requires a separate browser, called the Tor Browser. This browser is modified on the Mozilla Firefox browser, so it looks like Firefox. You can download this browser from the official website of Tor Project. You can easily connect to the Tor network by installing the browser. The Tor network thing is complicated, but it’s much easier to connect with.
You can access the Dark Web using the Tor Browser if you already have that web address. There are also apps in the Play Store called Tor Browser for Android, you can easily access the Tor network by using of this app.
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