Today a website plays a very important role in every professional field.No matter what profession you are in, having a website is vital today. Where so many websites are constantly growing, the demand for security has also increased a lot.Nowadays, hacking websites is a very common thing, and newspapers are living witnesses to it. Hacks can be done randomly, hacks can be done to put you behind in business, hacks can be done to steal your customer details.Many people build websites but often neglect security. It is important to remember that your site can be hacked by hackers for a variety of reasons, not only to harm you, but also to target your site visitors.But why would a hacker hack your small and simple web blog?This article discusses this topic in detail, and outlines some possible reasons.
How is the website hacked?
Honestly, most websites are hacked by inexperienced hackers (meaning those who are learning new hacking, don’t have that much skill yet) or script kiddies (who have no special knowledge on programming or hacking, trying to hack using someone else’s code). Many hackers hack websites just to increase their skills. By hacker here we must be talking about black hat or immoral hacker. There are many security scanners, which scan the website at random and help detect any security issues. Many times hackers manually check the web site and find out if there is any security problem.
Many times your site is open to hackers because of your own mistakes. You may be indexing a link to Google that should not be indexed at all. Suppose your site has a secure and hidden login page link, you log in to your site by going to that link. Now suppose that the page is indexed in the Google search results, which means that the hacker will get the login page of your site by doing a little tricky Google search and can attack there to get access. In the case of hacking websites in a professional way, the hacker must acquire knowledge about the site and collect data. What theme did you use on the site, what software did you build the site with, what plugins did you use, and so on. Now maybe there is no problem with your site or code. But the theme you use or the plugin you use may be flawed, which can easily hack your site.
Hackers collect all the data on your site and check the versions of each of your software, plugins, themes. Trying to find errors in them, if you use an older version of the theme or plugin, the hacker will google and find out what was wrong with them, whether they can be hacked, this is how he prepares to hack the site. However, when it comes to hacking a targeted website, it takes a long time, as I said before, the hacker has to study the site. Many times sites are hacked using just social engineering without any coding or hacking skills.
This type of hacking is most common when it comes to hacking websites. Hackers hack a website and post pictures of themselves or their organization on the home page. Their main purpose is to spread their name or the name of the hacking group. They want to show that there is a hacking group with that name. The biggest advantage of this type of hacking is that you can get free advertising for anything you want. Suppose a site gets 20,000 page views a day, then if every link on that site shows a page attached by a hacker, think about how big a free ad was shown.
Take over the computer
Many hackers do not hack your site for your website, they have no interest in the site. They simply hack your site to use your website server or server computer power. They get a lot of benefits when they get computing power from your server. They got a free computer and secondly, there is no need to pay the electricity bill of that computer. Since a web server is just like any computer in general, it can perform any task. However, hackers especially use computer power to mine digital currency. For example, bitcoin or any other cryptocurrency mining.
Almost everyone has an idea about phishing. Phishing is a popular method of stealing the victim’s username, password, etc. in the guise of a trusted media. Phishing site links are usually sent via email or instant messaging. A link to a fake website is given in the email. By clicking on that link, a user enters the fake website created by the hacker. That website looks like the real website.Most of the time the user is fooled by such pages, and enters his own username and password thinking that the phishing page is the real site. And immediately the login name and password or any entered information like credit card details go to the hacker.
To spread malware
Hackers hack websites and inject malicious code or malicious software. Then when a visitor visits that site and if there is any error in his PC, the malware enters the visitor’s computer. This time the malware allows hackers to make money in a myriad of ways, such as: hackers can use the infected PC as a botnet, steal all the data from that computer, encrypt all the files on the computer and demand money to return files to you.
Keylogger is a program that unknowingly stores on your computer which buttons or keys you press on the keyboard. This is the easiest way to steal someone’s user ID, password.
The most famous cyber crime with key-logger occurred in 2005. Attempts were made to smuggle 220 million euros from the London office of Japanese bank Sumitomo Mitsui using a key-logger. But at the last minute, the key-logger’s coder Yeron Bolondi was caught!
The full form of SQL is Structured Query Language. It is a special type of programming language. SQL is used to store a website’s database.
SQL injection is a code injection technique that might destroy your database.
SQL injection is one of the most common web hacking techniques.
SQL injection is the placement of malicious code in SQL statements, via web page input.
The hackers then take out the database table, the name of the column in the admin table, the admin’s username, password and finally the admin login panel and enter a website. Most website databases are built with SQL. So this is one of the preferred methods of hackers.
Cross-site Scripting (XSS) is a client-side code injection attack. XSS is a type of web application security vulnerability typically found in web applications. The attacker aims to execute malicious scripts in a web browser of the victim by including malicious code in a legitimate web page or web application. This allows a hacker to infect the original web pages of his victim’s client side script.
With this vulnerability, a hacker can enter malicious code, malware, etc. on the victim’s website. XSS attacks have been used to hack large websites. This list includes famous organizations like FBI, Apple, Microsoft, CNN.
Distributed Network Attacks are often referred to as Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks. This type of attack takes advantage of the specific capacity limits that apply to any network resources – such as the infrastructure that enables a company’s website. The DDoS attack will send multiple requests to the attacked web resource – with the aim of exceeding the website’s capacity to handle multiple requests and prevent the website from functioning correctly.
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